Chili Pepper Scoville Scale

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Chili Pepper and Hot Sauce Scoville Scale

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The Scoville scale and the heatmeter list numerous chili pepper varieties sorted by their pungency and their capsaicin content in Scoville Heat Units (SHU). We have a simple scoville scale image and a detailed searchable and interactive html5 scoville scale table.

History

The Scoville scale exists since 1912 and was invented by the American pharmacologist Wilbur Scoville. It serves to determine the degree of pungency of fruits of the genus Capsicum, which includes peppers and chilis. The Scoville scale was originally based on the so-called Scoville Organoleptic Test developed by Wilbur Scoville. Here, a sample of chili was prepared and repeatedly diluted with water until the test subjects no longer felt any heat. The degree to which the subjects could (subjectively) taste no more heat in the sample was called SHU (Scoville Heat Units). Of course, no subjective tests will be carried out today.

Determination of the Scoville Heat Units of fruits of the genus Capsicum

The degree of pugency of a chili is determined today by means of modern high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This method recognizes the capsaicinoids responsible for the pungency, such as capsaicin and dihydro-capsaicin, and determines their concentration reliably. The result of an HPLC test is given in the ASTA severity level, but this can be converted by a formula into the usual SHU value.

Hottest Chili Pepper in the World

The world’s hottest chili pepper is the Carolina Reaper. It measures 1.5 Million up to 2.2 Million Scoville Heat Units. A full list of the world record holders and the history of world’s hottest pepper can be found in the article Hottest Chili Pepper in the World.

Scoville Scale

Scoville Scale

Scoville Heat Units Scoville Heat Level Chili Pepper Capsicum Species
1,500,000 – 2,200,000 SHU 10+++ Carolina Reaper (HP22B, Smokin’ Ed’s Carolina Reaper) Capsicum Chinense
1,500,000 – 2,009,231 SHU 10+++ Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (Moruga, Moruga Scorpion, Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Red) Capsicum Chinense
1,000,000 – 1,853,936 SHU 10+++ Chocolate 7 Pot (7 Pot Douglah) Capsicum Chinense
1,200,000 – 1,590,000 SHU 10+++ Katie (7 Pot Katie) Capsicum Chinense
1,100,000 – 1,469,000 SHU 10++ Trinidad 7 Pot Primo (Primo, 7 Pot Primo) Capsicum Chinense
800,000 – 1,463,700 SHU 10++ Butch T (Trinidad Scorpion Butch Taylor) Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 1,400,000 SHU 10++ Komodo Dragon (British Komodo Dragon) Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 1,390,000 SHU 10++ Trinidad Red Scorpion (Trinidad Scorpion, Scorpion Pepper) Capsicum Chinense
600,000 – 1,382,118 SHU 10++ Naga Viper Capsicum Chinense
900,000 – 1,359,284 SHU 10++ Lucy (7 Pot Lucy) Capsicum Chinense
900,000 – 1,300,000 SHU 10++ 7 Pot Barrackpore Capsicum Chinense
800,000 – 1,200,000 SHU 10+ 7 Pot Jonah Capsicum Chinense
800,000 – 1,200,000 SHU 10+ Brain Strain (7 Pot Brain Strain) Capsicum Chinense
700,000 – 1,200,000 SHU 10+ Yellow Brain Strain (7 Pot Brain Strain Yellow) Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 1,191,595 SHU 10+ New Mexico Scorpion Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 1,120,000 SHU 10+ Bedfordshire Super Naga Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 1,100,000 SHU 10+ 7 Pot Capsicum Chinense
600,000 – 1,086,844 SHU 10+ Spanish Naga (Naga Gibraltar) Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 1,067,286 SHU 10+ Infinity Chili (Infinity Pepper) Capsicum Chinense
750,000 – 1,066,882 SHU 10+ 7 Pot Madballz (Madballz Pepper) Capsicum Chinense
600,000 – 1,041,427 SHU 10+ Bhut Jolokia, Ghost Pepper (Bih Jolokia, Naga Jolokia, Ghost, Geisterchili, Red Naga, U-morok, Bombai Morich, Raja Mirch, Saga Jolokia, Indian Mystery Chili, Indian Rough Chili , Tezpur Chili) Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 1,001,300 SHU 10+ Bhut Jolokia Chocolate (Naga Jolokia Chocolate, Chocolate Ghost Pepper, Brown Naga) Capsicum Chinense
855,000 – 1,000,000 SHU 10+ 7 Pot Armageddon (Armageddon) Capsicum Chinense
840,000 – 1,000,000 SHU 10+ 7 Pot Bubblegum (Bubblegum, 7 Pot BBG) Capsicum Chinense
800,000 – 1,000,000 SHU 10+ 7 Pot White (White Seven Pot) Capsicum Chinense
700,000 – 1,000,000 SHU 10+ Trinidad Orange Scorpion (Orange Trinidad, Trinidad Scorpion Orange) Capsicum Chinense
600,000 – 1,000,000 SHU 10+ Naga Morich (Dorset Naga) Capsicum Chinense
450,000 – 900,000 SHU 10+ Raja Mirch (Synonym for Bhut Jolokia, SHU measurement from India) Capsicum Chinense
500,000 – 850,000 SHU 10+ Trinidad 7 Pot Cardi (7 Pot Cardi, CARDI) Capsicum Chinense
450,000 – 600,000 SHU 10 7 Pot Yellow (Trinidad 7 Pot Yellow) Capsicum Chinense
400,000 – 600,000 SHU 10 Trinidad Yellow Scorpion Capsicum Chinense
250,000 – 577,000 SHU 10 Red Savina (Habanero Red Savina) Capsicum Chinense
400,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Devil’s Tongue Chocolate (Brown Devil’s Tongue) Capsicum Chinense
350,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Devil’s Tongue Red Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Habanero Francisca (Habanero Francisca Orange) Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Habanero Chocolate (Brown Habanero) Capsicum Chinense
150,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Fatalii Peach (Peach Fatalii) Capsicum Chinense
150,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Fatalii White (White Fatalii) Capsicum Chinense
125,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Fatalii Yellow (Yellow Fatalii) Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Adjuma (Aji Umba, Adjoema, Ojemma) Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 500,000 SHU 10 Fatalii Red (Red Fatalii) Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 450,000 SHU 10 Black Congo Pepper Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 445,000 SHU 10 Caribbean Red Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 400,000 SHU 10 Devil’s Tongue Yellow Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 400,000 SHU 10 Hot Paper Lantern Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 400,000 SHU 10 Habanero Golden Capsicum Chinense
300,000 – 400,000 SHU 10 Habanero White Bullet Capsicum Chinense
250,000 – 400,000 SHU 10 Red Congo Pepper Capsicum Chinense
150,000 – 350,000 SHU 10 Habanero Red (Red Habanero) Capsicum Chinense
150,000 – 350,000 SHU 10 Madame Jeanette (Suriname Yellow) Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 350,000 SHU 10 Habanero Orange Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 350,000 SHU 10 Habanero Peach Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 350,000 SHU 10 Habanero Mustard Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 350,000 SHU 10 Habanero White Capsicum Chinense
200,000 – 330,000 SHU 10 Tiger Paw (Tiger Paw Habanero, Orange Tiger Paw) Capsicum Chinense
150,000 – 325,000 SHU 10 Scotch Bonnet Red Capsicum Chinense
150,000 – 325,000 SHU 10 Habanero Big Sun Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 325,000 SHU 10 Burkina Yellow (Habanero Burkina Yellow, Burkina Scotch Bonnet) Capsicum Chinense
130,000 – 310,000 SHU 10 Habanero Yellow (Gelbe Habanero) Capsicum Chinense
200,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Habanero Orange Devil Capsicum Chinense
200,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Habanero Peruvian White Capsicum Chinense
125,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Scotch Bonnet Orange Capsicum Chinense
125,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Scotch Bonnet Yellow Capsicum Chinense
150,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Yellow Congo Pepper Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Bahamian Goat Pepper (Bahamian Pepper) Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Datil (Datil Pepper) Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 300,000 SHU 10 Billy Goat Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 250,000 SHU 10 Jamaican Hot Red (Red Jamaican Hot Pepper) Capsicum Chinense
50,000 – 250,000 SHU 9 Scarlet Lantern (Peru Scarlet Lantern) Capsicum Chinense
50,000 – 250,000 SHU 9 Pimenta de Neyde (Pimenta da Neyde) Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 225,000 SHU 9 Jamaican Hot Yellow Capsicum Chinense
100,000 – 225,000 SHU 9 Bird’s Eye (Bird Pepper, Bird Eye Chili) (Note: the name is used for several bird pepper varieties) Capsicum Frutescens
80,000 – 125,000 SHU 9 Carolina Cayenne Red (Carolina Cayenne Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
50,000 – 110,000 SHU 9 Tabiche Pepper Capsicum Annuum
80,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Basket of Fire Capsicum Annuum
70,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Pico De Pajaro (Cola de Rata, Rat’s Tail, Bird’s Peak) Capsicum Annuum
70,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Charleston Hot (Charleston Hot Red, Charleston Hot Cayenne) Capsicum Annuum
60,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Diablo Grande Pepper Capsicum Annuum
50,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Yellow Bumpy Capsicum Chinense
50,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Chupetinha Capsicum Chinense
50,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Aji Limo Capsicum Chinense
50,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Indian PC-1 Capsicum Frutescens
50,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Thai Chili (Note: the name is used for several Thai pepper varieties) Capsicum Annuum
50,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Tepin (Chiltepin, Chiltecpin, Chil Tepin) Capsicum Annuum var, glabriusculum
50,000 – 100,000 SHU 9 Pequin (Piquin, Pee-keen) Capsicum Annuum var, glabriusculum
60,000 – 90,000 SHU 8 Malagueta (Mala, Malaguetinha) Capsicum Frutescens
50,000 – 90,000 SHU 8 Diablo Grande Capsicum Annuum
35,000 – 90,000 SHU 8 Thai Dragon Capsicum Annuum
45,000 – 75,000 SHU 8 Tien Tsin Capsicum Annuum
30,000 – 75,000 SHU 8 Rocoto Peron (Rocoto Peron Rojo, Red Tree Pepper) Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 – 75,000 SHU 8 Rocoto Rojo (Aji Rojo, Red Tree Pepper) Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 – 75,000 SHU 8 Rocoto Amarillo (Rocoto Manzano Amarillo, Chile Manzano Amarillo, Aji Amarillo, Tree Pepper) Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 – 75,000 SHU 8 Rocoto Canario (Locoto Canario, Yellow Rocoto, Yellow Tree Pepper) Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 – 75,000 SHU 8 Rocoto de Seda (De Seda, Chile de Seda, Tree Pepper) Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 – 60,000 SHU 7 Bangalore Whippet’s Tail Capsicum Frutescens x Capsicum Annuum
40,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Jalapeño NuMex Pinata (NuMex Pinata) Capsicum Annuum
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Maraba Capsicum Chinense
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Aji Charapita Capsicum Chinense
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Capsicum Eximium Capsicum Eximium
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Rocoto Manzano (Chile Manzano) Capsicum Pubescens
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Cayenne (Red Cayenne, De Cayenna) Capsicum Annuum
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Santaka Capsicum Annuum
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Prik Kee Nu (Prik Kee Noo, พริกขี้หนู “Mäusekot Chili”) Capsicum Frutescens
30,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Tabasco (Greenleaf Tabasco) Capsicum Frutescens
20,000 – 50,000 SHU 7 Pimenta de Cheiro (Note: the name is used for several Brazilian pepper varieties) Capsicum Chinense
15,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 Lemon Drop (Hot Lemon, Aji Limon, Aji Lemon) Capsicum Baccatum
15,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 Aji Colorado Capsicum Baccatum
15,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 Aji Pineapple Capsicum Baccatum
15,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 Criola Sella Capsicum Baccatum
15,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 Mushroom Red (Red Mushroom Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
15,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 De Arbol (Chile de Arbol, De árbol, Spanish Tree Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
5,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 Royal Black Capsicum Annuum
5,000 – 30,000 SHU 6 Maule’s Red Hot (Maule’s Red, Lady Finger) Capsicum Annuum
10,000 – 25,000 SHU 6 Serrano Capsicum Annuum
10,000 – 25,000 SHU 6 Chungyang Red (Red Chungyang Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
5,000 – 15,000 SHU 5 Bishop’s Crown (Bishops Crown) Capsicum Baccatum
5,000 – 10,000 SHU 5 Chipotle (Smoked Jalapeño, Roasted Jalapeño Peppers) Capsicum Annuum
5,000 – 10,000 SHU 5 Hungarian Hot Wax (Hot Wax, Wax Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
5,000 – 10,000 SHU 5 Aleppo (Halaby pepper, Aleppo Pepper, Pul Biber, Fulful Ḥalabī) Capsicum Annuum
2,500 – 10,000 SHU 5 Fresno Capsicum Annuum
2,500 – 8,000 SHU 5 Jalapeño Capsicum Annuum
2,000 – 8,000 SHU 5 Jalapeño Deep Purple (Purple Jalapeño) Capsicum Annuum
4,000 – 6,000 SHU 5 Jalapeño Early Capsicum Annuum
2,500 – 5,000 SHU 4 Guajillo (Guajillo Pepper, Mexican Guajillo, Guajilla) Capsicum Annuum
2,500 – 5,000 SHU 4 NuMex Mirasol (Mirasol) Capsicum Annuum
2,500 – 5,000 SHU 4 Hot Cherry Pepper (Cherry Pepper, Hot Cherry Pepper, Hungarian Cherry Pepper, Hungarian Cherry) Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 5,000 SHU 4 Candlelight Capsicum Annuum
1,500 – 4,000 SHU 4 Ancho San Luis (Mexican Large) Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 3,000 SHU 3 Cherry Bomb (Cherry Bomb Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
1,500 – 2,500 SHU 3 NuMex Sandia (Sandia Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
1,500 – 2,500 SHU 3 Cascabel (Rattle Pepper, Mexican Cascabel Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
500 – 2,500 SHU 3 Anaheim (Magdalena, California Chile, Chile Seco Del Norte, New Mexico Chile Pepper Cultivar No, 9) Capsicum Annuum
500 – 2,500 SHU 3 NuMex Big Jim (Big Jim, NuMex Heritage Big Jim) Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 2,000 SHU 2 Poblano (Ancho Pepper, Ancho Poblano) Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 2,000 SHU 2 Pasilla (Pasilla Pepper, Chilaca, Chile Negro) Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 1,500 SHU 2 Alma Pepper (Alma Csipös) Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 1,500 2 Espanola (New Mexico Espanola Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
700 – 1,500 SHU 2 Vulcano Capsicum Annuum
1,000 – 1,200 SHU 2 Peppadew Capsicum Baccatum
700 – 1,000 SHU 1 Coronado Capsicum Annuum
500 – 1,000 SHU 1 NuMex Sunrise Capsicum Annuum
500 – 1,000 SHU 1 NuMex Conquistador Capsicum Annuum
100 – 1,000 SHU 1 Cubanelle Pepper Capsicum Annuum
500 – 1,000 SHU 1 NuMex Joe E, Parker Capsicum Annuum
0 – 1,000 SHU 1 Golden Greek (Golden Greek Peperoncino, Greek Peperoni) Capsicum Annuum
500 – 850 SHU 1 NuMex Suave Red Capsicum Chinense
500 – 830 SHU 1 NuMex Suave Orange Capsicum Chinense
500 – 750 SHU 1 Santa Fe Grande (Guero Chili Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
100 – 500 SHU 1 Aji Dulce Amarillo Capsicum Chinense
100 – 500 SHU 1 Aji Dulce (Aji Cachucha, Ajicito, Ají Gustoso) Capsicum Chinense
100 – 500 SHU 1 Pepperoncini (Peperoncino, Italian Sweet Pepper, Tuscan Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
0 – 500 SHU 1 Trinidad Perfume Capsicum Chinense
0 – 500 SHU 1 Gorria (Piment d’Espelette, Ezpeletako Biperra, Biper) Capsicum Annuum
0 – 500 SHU 1 Lombardo (Lombardo Peperoni) Capsicum Annuum
0 – 500 SHU 1 Friggitello (Friggitelli, Italian Piemento, Sweet Italian Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
50 – 200 SHU 1 Shishito (Shishitōgarashi, Japanese Pimiento, Shishito Pepper, 獅子唐辛子) Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Capsicum Rhomboideum (Former: Capsicum Cilliatum, Witheringia Ciliata) Capsicum Rhomboideum
0 SHU 0 Minibell Chocolate (Minibell Brown, Brown Snack Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Minibell Orange (Orange Snack Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Minibell Red (Red Snack Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Sweet Sunshine (Sweet Sunshine Trailing Pepper) Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Süßer Naschzipfel Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Corno di Toro Rosso Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Corno di Toro Giallo Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 California Wonder Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Yolo Wonder Capsicum Annuum
0 SHU 0 Bell Pepper Capsicum Annuum

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